Jer In other words, they can become his idols. Obviously, the above examples is not a complete list. But, it is important that we do not try to simplify the worship of other gods and idols as limited to primitive idol worship and mythical gods. Our god is whatever becomes the most important to us in our lives. Our gods and idols are what we worship with our time and energy. For example, Col teaches us that greed is really idolatry. We find that we can depart from the faith by giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of devils 1 Tim By definition, Babylon is confusing; to wit, the confusion and error of many prevalent Christian doctrines.
Many false prophets and teachers have arisen to temp u to worship the demonic Babylonian religion see Mat , 1 Tim , 2 Pet 2, Jude with Rev If we dwell on the examples in the above three categories, we can begin to see that most Christian churches often promote, enjoin, support or at least tolerate most if not all of these activities. Of course, as human beings living in a physical world, we participate in life and therefore, need to engage in these type of activities in order to function in the world.
None of the items above are sin in and of themselves.
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We must do all to the glory of God 1 Cor We must examine ourselves to see if we are indeed in the faith of Christ 2 Cor If we find any of these things more important that our relationship with Jesus Christ, woe be unto us and my God immediately correct us. In the Old Testament, an abomination was the worship and service to a false god or idol.
However, the most basic meaning of worshiping another god or idol is that of worshiping Satan and his angels demons. We find an explicit statement in 1 Cor that to worship an idol is the same as worshiping a demon. Also, we find that in this world, there are only children of God or children of Satan 1 John Satan is the god of this world 2 Cor and desires to be worshiped Rev , Moreover, one of the temptations offered by Satan to Jesus Christ were all the kingdoms of this world since Satan is the god of this world and gives the kingdoms to whoever he wishes Lk In exchange, for all the kingdom of this world, Satan wanted Jesus to worship him, which Jesus promptly rebuked him with Scripture that one I to worship on the Lord Lk We also find examples during the Great Tribulation where the antichrist takes his seat in the temple of God e.
In other words, Satan and his ministers as angels of light 2 Cor are present within the church seeking worship. In the New Testament, the Greek word for desolation Gr: eremosis essentially means a wilderness lonesome place. This word occurs approximately 60 times in the New Testament. In the New Testament, wilderness can be used in a positive sense and a negative sense:.
These are the words that are used in the three key passages in Daniel which will be examined in greater details further below:. Examples are provided below:. The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
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And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations, and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations. Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, says the LORD. And the desolate land shall be tilled, whereas it lay desolate in the sight of all that passed by.
And they shall say, This land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden; and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are become fenced, and are inhabited. As many were astonished at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:. And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me.
But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations. And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to everyone that passes by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?
And it shall be answered: Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them. This is similar to what we have seen in Deut 28 and Jer We find extensive discussion in the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel regarding how Judah did indeed forsake the Lord and became a desolation more on this below. In Lev and Deut , the Mosaic Law informs us regarding the consequences of disobedience of the people of Israel.
But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee…The LORD shall bring thee, and thy king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation which neither thou nor thy fathers have known; and there shalt thou serve other gods, wood and stone. And thou shalt become an astonishment , a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee.
In the above passage, we find that Israel would become an astonishment i. We find similar information in Lev I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be desolate. And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savor of your sweet odors. And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it.
And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste. As long as it lies desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it…The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lies desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised my judgments, and because their soul abhorred my statutes. It is important to note that desolation was coming to the land because Israel despised the judgments and statutes of the Lord.
It was by these tools that the land, cities and sanctuary holy place were made desolate and the land would enjoy her sabbaths. As we saw above in Lev , 43, the land of Israel was to become desolate and enjoy her Sabbaths days of rest. This prophecy in Lev , 43 was fulfilled when Jerusalem was destroyed and the removal of the people to be captives to Babylon was initiated in B. The 70 years of desolation was completed in B. And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon.
And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years. The prophecy of Jeremiah is found in Jer The cause of the 70 year desolation is found in these verses:. From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.
And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear. They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever: And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands ; and I will do you no hurt.
Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt. Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words, Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle. And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. It should be noticed in Jer see underlined section above that Judah went after other gods and served and worship them. This was foretold in Deut 28 as we saw above. We should be able to see that the cause of desolation is serving and worshiping other gods e.
In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. We find in Dan see also 2 Chr and Jer that the desolation of Jerusalem were to last 70 years.
This 70 years is measured from B. This is important since the physical desolation destruction of Jerusalem did not occur until B. However, in B. It was at this time that Israel began serving the King of Babylon Nebuchadnezzar , who is a symbol for Satan Is Later in this study, we will find that the captivity of some of the people of Judah was a part of the desolation of Jerusalem. As we saw above in Dan , the desolation lasted for 70 years from B. Jeremiah lived in Jerusalem and was there prior t and at the time of the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in B. Ezekiel, on the other hand was a captive Eze at the river Chebar in the land of the Chaldeans ruled by Babylon.
Both of these prophets foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and had much to say about the desolation of the Jerusalem and the land of Judah:. A careful examination of the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel indicate that the abominations of the people were their whoredoms of idolatry and pursuing other gods. It is important to look at Eze Wherefore say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Ye eat with the blood, and lift up your eyes toward your idols, and shed blood: and shall ye possess the land?
Say thou thus unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; As I live, surely they that are in the wastes shall fall by the sword, and him that is in the open field will I give to the beasts to be devoured, and they that be in the forts and in the caves shall die of the pestilence. For I will lay the land most desolate, and the pomp of her strength shall cease; and the mountains of Israel shall be desolate, that none shall pass through.
We find three methods in Bible of achieving desolation of a city or a land: captivity, scattering and killing. The primary example of captivity in the Old Testament is that of Babylon taking many of the people of Judah and Jerusalem captive. This word occurs approximately times in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word for captive H, H and H literally means captive. This word is used about times in the Old Testament. We know that captivity is one of the methods that was used to make a land desolate from the following passage:.
And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. So, we can see that when the captivity is returned, the land is no longer desolate. The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives , and the opening of the prison to them that are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn; To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
And they shall build the old wastes, they shall raise up the former desolations , and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many generations. In this passage, we find that proclaiming liberty to the captives is tied to raising up the former desolations. We find that just as Judah was led away captive into Babylon, we find a similar situation during the Great Tribulation.
In Jeremiah 24, we find the parable of the two baskets of fruit. One basket had very good figs and the other basket had evil figs that could not be eaten Jer In Jer , we find that the good figs represented those who were carried away captive to Babylon. Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel; Like these good figs, so will I acknowledge them that are carried away captive of Judah, whom I have sent out of this place into the land of the Chaldeans for their good.
For I will set mine eyes upon them for good, and I will bring them again to this land: and I will build them, and not pull them down; and I will plant them, and not pluck them up. And I will give them an heart to know me, that I am the LORD: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God: for they shall return unto me with their whole heart. However, the evil figs represented those who would be killed by the sword, famine and pestilence i. And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so evil; surely thus says the LORD, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and them that dwell in the land of Egypt: And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth for their hurt, to be a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them.
And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the land that I gave unto them and to their fathers. It is important to note that Rev provides a very detailed of Babylon, which will exist during the Great Tribulation. The great whore, Babylon represents the apostate church which is full of whoredoms, represents the pursuit of other gods and idols Rev , And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh…And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
We find in the parallel passage to Mat 24 concerning the Abomination of Desolation that Christians will be led away spiritually captive into all nations and Jerusalem the spiritual Holy Place, where Christians physically gather together — i. But, we need to look further into the New Testament regarding the nature of the captivity.
In other words, the New Testament refers to the Babylonian captivity as being carried away to another house. This apostate church in the Great Tribulation is ruled by the Great Whore Babylon and is inhabited by demons and all foul spirits Re The second method of desolating Jerusalem and the land was to scatter the people and make them flee. There are several examples notable examples of God scattering His people:. We find in this passage clear linkage between the scattering dispersal of the people and the land being made desolate in order to allow the land to enjoy her sabbaths.
This prophecy was fulfilled in the scattering of the people of Jerusalem and the land of Judah by the king of Babylon Satan.
As we read in Pr , a wise King scatters the wicked. As we see in the story of the Tower of Babel Gen , God caused the people to be scattered due to their pride and self-salvation plan of building the tower into heaven. In the Deuteronomy passages listing the curses for disobedience Deut , we find in Deut And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it.
And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind: And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life:.
In this passage we find that the people will be taken off of the land made desolate and they will be scattered. In the land that they are scattered, they will serve other gods and idols. In this passage, the people who will be scattered, will find no rest i. It is interesting to note in both the Leviticus and Deuteronomy passages that the location that the people were scattered to: the heathen see also Eze , , Zech , Neh Also, a sword would be drawn out after them. In Lam , it says that the people will not find rest amongst the heathen.
In other words, the people were driven away from God, who is the source of their salvation. In Eze , we find that God would only leave a few from the sword see also Deut In other words, there will only be a small remnant left from those who are scattered into the nations see Eze We also find in Eze , 11 that the people were being punished due to their wickedness and abominations serving other gods, idols.
Ezekiel chapter 6 is another example see also Eze , Jer , Eze , Eze , , , Ps :. And your altars shall be desolate, and your images shall be broken: and I will cast down your slain men before your idols. And I will lay the dead carcases of the children of Israel before their idols; and I will scatter your bones round about your altars. In all your dwelling places the cities shall be laid waste, and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars may be laid waste and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished.
Yet will I leave a remnant that ye may have some that shall escape the sword among the nations, when ye shall be scattered through the countries. And they that escape of you shall remember me among the nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken with their whorish heart, which hath departed from me, and with their eyes, which go a whoring after their idols: and they shall loath themselves for the evils which they have committed in all their abominations.
We find similar information that the people would be scattered due to their worship of other gods and idols. Similar to the previous passages, the people would be scattered and there will be some who would escape the sword in the nations to where they were scattered. We find important information in the above passage. The remnant that goes forward, in essence is sent to preach the Gospel.
This has strong correlation to the dispersal of the Christians from Jerusalem that caused the Gospel to spread see Acts For example:. Israel is a scattered sheep; the lions have driven him away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones. The northern 10 tribes of Israel was scattered in B.
Interestingly, the underlying cause of the scattering was as a result of the shepherds, which were not properly concerning salvation i. My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their resting place.
All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers. Woe be unto the pastors that destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel against the pastors that feed my people; Ye have scattered my flock, and driven them away, and have not visited them: behold, I will visit upon you the evil of your doings, saith the LORD.
Jer — prophets in Jerusalem commit adultery, walk in lies, strengthen hands of evil-doers, they are like the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah. Jer — prophets say peace to those who despise the Lord, no evil will occur for those who walk after the imagination of their own hearts. Jer — had the prophets caused people to hear, they could have turned them from their evil way. There is hope.
Concerning the regathering of the scattered sheep, we find the promise of salvation fulfilled in Jesus Christ that Jesus Christ would be the True Shepherd who would regather the flock of God: Zech , Micah , Mat , Eze , 12, Jer , Mat , Lk , John , 1 Pet , Jer , Is , etc. Also, a regathering of the remnant is promised. In Eze , those that were scattered would still have a little sanctuary and God would once again gather them.
The re-gathering of Israel is the promise of salvation in Jesus Christ for the entire elect spiritual Israel which includes Gentile and Jew : Ps , Is , Is , , 56;, , , Jer , , , Eze , , , 41, , , , , , , Hos with Ro , , Micah , Zeph , Zech When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, whoso readeth, let him understand: Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes.
At the time of the Great Tribulation, there will be a time of disunity and scattering. We also find in Rev , that true Christians are to depart from Babylon so as not to partake of her sins:. For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.
And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me scattereth. In this passage, we find that when there is disunity in the church, there will be scattering. As we saw from the above Old Testament passages, scattering occurs due to false shepherds over the sheep e. In the Bible, we find that killing a person not only can happen physically martyrdom , but also in a spiritual sense when Christians are persecuted, hated and silenced within the church:.
As we see in many places in the Bible, Christians are put to death when they suffer for the sake of Christ. In essence, they die to the fleshly desires of life as they serve Christ. In this sense the flesh has been crucified with Christ, so Christians can live in the spirit. We also find in 1 John that whoever hates Christians is spiritually speaking a murderer. They essentially silence Christians by not accepting them or considering what they have to say.
In Ezekiel 14, we find a prophecy regarding the desolation of the land of Judah. This prophecy warns that even if Noah, Daniel and Job were in the land, God would still cut-off man and beast from the land due to the wickedness of the people Eze , 16, 18, The four sore judgments on the land are:. Although the above four sore judgments physically occurred to Israel, they can also be summarized spiritually as follows as activities that occur during the Great Tribulation:.
The desolation involves the people going into spiritual captivity, being spiritually scattered and being spiritually killed. Therefore, we find that this Abomination should not be standing in the Holy Place. Or in other words, it is not clean, nor sanctified which means holy or set apart. When we compare Mat , Mk and Lk , we can find more clarity as to what the Holy Place is:. When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, whoso readeth, let him understand: Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains.
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But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, let him that readeth understand, then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains:. Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto. In other words, the Holy Place that is to become desolate is within the holy city, Jerusalem. For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. For in those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be.
In the Old Testament, we find that the tabernacle in the wilderness had a two-part temple: the holy place and the holy of holies Lev , Heb The description of the tabernacle is found in details in Exodus chapters and Hebrews 9 summarizes the holy place and the holy of holies:. Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary.
Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God.
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But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
We also find that Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of the Old Testament holy place i. Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. We find that the earthly holy place sanctuary and tabernacle were pitched by man.
But, these were just but a shadow of the true heavenly things in heaven:. Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount. But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
Later, King Solomon constructed a house temple of God in Jerusalem. And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers of pure gold; and the hinges of gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple. The details of this construction can be found in 1 Kings and 2 Chr The declaration of this temple being holy is found in, for example, 2 Chr , , , etc. We find in 1 Cor and Eph that all true Christians make up the temple which is holy:.
If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
On the surface, the Abomination of Desolation being placed in the Holy Place, Jerusalem has been taken by many mostly pre-millennialists and preterists to simply mean that there will be a literal abomination of desolation e. However, to understand the symbolic language in the Olivet Discourse Mat 24, Mk 13, Lk 21 , we have to compare Scripture with Scripture 1 Cor in order to find the spiritual meaning of the passages. Also, most prophetic language whether it be in the book of Revelation or the Old Testament prophets is highly symbolic. And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:.
But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel. And so return unto thee with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray unto thee toward their land, which thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for thy name:. And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there forever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.
It is also important to recognize that true Christians are referred to in the Bible as being the true fulfillment of spiritual Israel and Judah. In order to understand who spiritual Israel is, we must understand that God originally made an everlasting covenant with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob later name changed to Israel. In the book of Hosea, we find an important parable concerning God and Israel. Hosea was commanded by the Lord to take a wife of whoredoms, which he did Hos She had three children, which all served as examples that God would put away Israel pictured by the wife of whoredoms see Hos For example, we find this of the third child Loammi:.
Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
The example of Loammi was that God was casting away Israel, such that they would not be His people. This was the nation of Israel, who committed harlotry by serving other gods and idols. These important passages in Hosea are quoted in the New Testament 1 Pet , Ro as referring to the New Testament church that contains Jew and Gentile alike:. But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvelous light: Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
Even us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? As he says also in Hosea, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God.
The above passage see verse 24 clearly involves the inclusion of the Gentiles into the promises of God. The fulfillment of Hosea chapters 1 and 2 is found in the New Testament that both Jew and Gentile alike may become part of the household of God. Therefore, the promises to Israel in the book Hosea are fulfilled not only in those of the tribes of Israel physically, but also people from all ends of the world.
Earlier in Romans chapter 9, Paul reports that he has heaviness of heart Ro for Israel since they are not following Christ. But Paul in Romans concludes this:. Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel: Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit concludes that it is the children of promise who are the children of God, not those of the flesh. In other words, there is a physical Israel and there is a spiritual Israel. Just because one may be physically descended from Jacob Israel does not mean that they are spiritual Israel.
Similarly, in Romans , God provides us another clear definition of who is a true spiritual Jew i. For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh: But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
This is another very clear Scripture that says that if one is really a Jew, it is because they have circumcised hearts i. Therefore, a true spiritual Jew is the person who has been born again, having their hearts circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, but by Christ. Continuing on in Ro , we find another citation in Romans 9 that refers to Christians true spiritual Israel which extracted from the book of Isaiah, which referred to Israel:.
Isaiah also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. This Scripture refers to Israel of the Old Testament, but finds its fulfillment in the church of the New Testament that contains Jew and gentile alike.
Finally Romans 9 has one addition citation from the Old Testament that referred to Judah, but had its fulfillment in the church of the New Testament:. And as Isaiah said before, Except the Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha. What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith.
But Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone; As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. Combined in Christ, they are spiritual Israel:.
Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world: But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace; And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby: And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; In whom all the building fitly framed together grow unto an holy temple in the Lord: In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit. The following Scripture refers to spiritual Israel, who have received the peace and mercy of God. And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.
Returning to the book of Romans, chapter 11 provides similar insight into the fact that the entirety of Israel is Jew and Gentile alike:. I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall?
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God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness? For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office: If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them. For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?
For if the firstfruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches. And if some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert graffed in among them, and with them partakest of the root and fatness of the olive tree;. The above passage informs us that not all of Israel is lost. Both Israel and Gentile can be combined into the same olive tree:. Boast not against the branches. But if thou boast, thou bearest not the root, but the root thee. Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.
Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear: For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee. Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them which fell, severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
The Abomination of Desolation According to the Bible
And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able to graff them in again. For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature, and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches, be graffed into their own olive tree? For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.
And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob: For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins. For the gifts and calling of God are without repentance. For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief: Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all. Both Israel and Gentile were in unbelief, but God can have mercy on all the elect, whether of Israel or Gentile.
One final example is worthwhile examining. For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth. And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son. And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.
These following verses indicate that the circumcision of the Old Testament Gen had a spiritual meaning involving the need to being circumcised in the heart:. For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh. Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.
Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also? How was it then reckoned? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision. And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them also: And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised.
For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power: In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: Buried with him in baptism, wherein also ye are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raised him from the dead.
And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;. Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.
And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:.
Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before, This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them; And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
In the context of Dan , we find that the 70 weeks of prophecy occur all the way to the end of time, which is Judgment day …even until the consummation, and that determined, is poured out on the desolate, Dan Notably in Dan , we find that the holy city i. In Is , the Holy city Jerusalem is referred to as where Israel resides see discussion below on who spiritual Israel is. In other words, the true people of God make up His holy city Jerusalem. Similarly, Is declares:. Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
We find in this passage that Zion i. It is this city that will be like a glorious river, the streams which shall make glad the city of God, the holy tabernacles of the most High. This is the bride true Christians that comes down prepared for her Husband, Christ Rev However, prior to this glorious day, we find that Jerusalem is pictured as the place during the Great Tribulation, which will be tread under foot of the Gentiles for 42 months Rev The question that could be asked is whether the temple of the Old Testament and physical Jerusalem is still the Holy Place of God today.
Therefore, those locations are not the Holy Place today. Jerusalem still exists, but we find in Scripture that Jerusalem in the Bible is where God and His people dwell. Similarly the temple house of God today is the body of true Christians. We have also established the true spiritual Israel and spiritual Jew is anyone who is a true child of God whether male or female, whether Jew or Greek. Both the house of God and the temple of God were located in Jerusalem. We find the following facts concerning Jerusalem in the New Testament:.
We find that Jerusalem was the original headquarters for the Christian church. The Holy Spirit was given in Jerusalem and the Gospel and missionaries were dispatched from Jerusalem. However, it was also a center of Christian persecution by the religious establishment that was there. It is very important to understand that the true spiritual Jerusalem is the dwelling place of God:. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels,.
Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name. And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband…And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,. All the above verses from the New Testament clearly identify for us that the true spiritual Jerusalem is the heavenly Jerusalem.
This heavenly Jerusalem is the dwelling place of God and His people in the new heavens and the new earth Rev since the first earth and first heavens will be destroyed 2 Pet The entire chapter of Revelation describes the true, new Jerusalem, which is the city of God. We find that New Jerusalem is the true church i. Therefore, it is likened as a bride prepared for her Husband, who is Jesus Christ Eph , Additionally, in Rev , we find that this new Jerusalem is the tabernacle i.
Therefore, we find that the true heavenly Jerusalem is the eternal dwelling place of God and His people, which was typified by earthly Jerusalem and the earthly tabernacle of Israel in the wilderness. Also, we find in Hebrews that the Holy of Holies i.
In the Old Testament, we also find that Jerusalem is the location where God would place his name forever see also, 2 Chr , 2 Chr , 2 Chr , 1 Ki , 1 Ki , Deut , etc. Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD:.
However, we find that when Jesus was speaking with the Samaritan woman that the worship of God occurs not only in a physical place, but all those who worship God worship Him in spirit and in truth:. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father.
Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. Jesus emphasizes that earthly Jerusalem is not the focus of where we are to worship. Praise ye the LORD. This is my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it. I will abundantly bless her provision: I will satisfy her poor with bread. I will also clothe her priests with salvation: and her saints shall shout aloud for joy.
There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed. They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled. Luke Rev Does he take this into account?
No the author does not go into such detail, but according to a quick check on wikipedia, which I'll quote below, it has been and still is forbidden for anyone other than Muslims to pray at this site. So unless you adhere to religious sycreticism and feel that Islam is an authentic form of worship you would have to accept that this place is desolate to Judeo-Christian devotion. Anyway this is largely irrevalent to his hypothesis, since he argues that the "gentiles" trampling the Temple Mount for 1, "days" is symbolic of the Muslim occupation of Palestine before the Jewish restoration.
According to the passage of Luke, the gentiles would trample upon the consecrated ground until their time was fulfilled, which implies that a restoration would take place thereafter, and the Book of Revelation states this would last for a period of 42 months or 1, "days". The construction of the Dome of the Rock began in , and the Jewish restoration took place in - a total period of 1, years. Furthermore, the author shows that the passage in the Book of Daniel foretells the exact time when the "abomination of desolation" would be established.
Dan The author shows that the reference to the burnt offering being taken away should refer to the beginning of the Babylonian exile which first took place in BC. If you calculate 1, years on from this date, you arrive at the year AD - the year which the Dome of the Rock was completed. Until the mid-nineteenth century, non-Muslims were not permitted in the area.
Since , non-Muslims have been permitted limited access, however non-Muslims are not permitted to pray on the Temple Mount. In , the compound was reopened to non-Muslim visitors between the hours of — am and — pm during summer and — am and — pm during winter. Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering after pm and may not enter on Fridays, Saturdays, or Muslim holidays.
Entry is through a wooden walkway next to the entrance to the Hebrew Western Wall. Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering the mosques and accessing the Temple Mount through the Cotton Market. Visitors are subject to strict security screening, and items such as Jewish prayer books and instruments are prohibited.
Many Orthodox rabbis regard entry to the compound to be a violation of Jewish law. This is based on the belief that since the time the Temple was destroyed during the siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE, the precise location of the Holy of Holies, the sanctuary entered only by the High Priest, is not known. Hence a restriction applies to the entire compound. However, other rabbis believe that modern archeological and other evidence has enabled them to identify areas that can be safely entered without violating Jewish law. However even those opinions forbid Jews from entering the Dome of the Rock.
I believe the abomination of desolation is yet to come. I think that when the Jews begin to offer blood sacrifices in a rebuilt temple - returning to animal sacrifice after the spotless Lamb has already shed His blood for us all - that will be the abomination to the LORD. John Chrysostom says the early Church linked the passage this way: "The abomination of desolation means the army by which the holy city of Jerusalem was made desolate The Ante-Nicene Fathers: Translations of the Fathers Down to A.
Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Co. The Romans marched under the banner of an unclean bird, the eagle. For the Roman legions, "the entire religion of the Roman camp consisted in worshiping the ensigns, in swearing by the ensigns, and in preferring the ensigns before all gods" Apologitic, Tertullian, in Works of Tertullian , C. Dodgson, trans. Oxford: J. Parker, That's very interesting! You obviously know your stuff The three and a half years of desolation were also literally fulfilled by the duration of Antiochus IV Epiphanes' descretion of the Temple complex - it seems to be a recurring theme.
Jesus seems to have referred to an expectation of a "re-enactment" of this prophecy in his immediate future - "history repeating itself" so to speak. The destruction of the Temple would undoubtedly have been of primary importance in this prophecy to the Early Christians - but it also seems to have some "inaugrated eschatological" connotations which is sometimes simplified to "now and not yet" eschatology. I would argue that there are various levels or layers of significance in this piece of Scripture that enables it to commnuicate to believers in every era, and that all of them are true in their own way - a sort of "reader-response" criticism with legitimate metaphysical layers.
The author seems to have started his own blog on that book anyway, which can be found here so I'm sure you can ask him for yourself on any of these topics if you want. I thought the abomination of desolation is when the antichrist enters the Temple Holy of Holies and calls himself god.
Mark But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, let him that readeth understand, then let them that be in Judea flee to the mountains:. Dan From the time the daily sacrifice is stopped and the sacrilegious object that causes desecration is set up to be worshipped Revelations mentions the temple several times, some seem to reference a temple in heaven in God's presence, however others seem to be talking about an earthly temple.
Revelations And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. This makes me think the abomination will come after the temple is rebuilt on Temple Mount. This would necesitate the removal of the Dome of the Rock, however that might happen. As to when this might happen I'm not going to touch that one. If it means Christ's soon return it cna't happen soon enough for me.